The U.S. conflict in Vietnam lasted throughout three American presidencies. The original goal was to contain communism and keep its principles out of South Vietnam. Initially, U.S. soldiers were sent to Vietnam as military advisors to the South Vietnamese during the Kennedy administration. The conflict escalated during the Johnson administration and more U.S. troops were sent into active battles. It was not until the Nixon administration that U.S. troops were pulled out of Vietnam. Consider Kennedy’s reasons for sending military advisors to Vietnam, Johnson’s reasons for escalating war and Nixon’s reasons for pulling the U.S. out of Vietnam? Each administration had strategic political and military objectives.
Based on the United States government’s political and military objectives, do you think the Vietnam War was considered a success? Did the U.S. and South Vietnam win the war?
In an essay of approximately 500 words, give reasons either for or against the belief that it was a success. Your essay should include reference to the reasons (both military and political) that each president decided to increase or decrease U.S. involvement in the conflict.