Lab Report Guidelines
Communication is necessary to disseminate information. In this regard, beyond talking with
each other, scientists report on their work
by writing articles on their findings and publish them in journals that other scientists read.
The main idea a scientific article is to convey scientific findings that usually emerge from a hypothesis driven experiment(s).The structure
or format of these scientific articles is nearly universal irrespective of the length of the article.
is a convention that guides the author as well as the reader. At its most basic, the
format guides one through the process telling a story.
The format for the
Report on the activity of enzymes will resemble that of a scientific
with some modifications
will have a
, a Methods and Materials,
a Discussion/Conclusion and an Appendix section Each section is
typed in bold and start on a new page.
summarizing the article
in scientific journal articles
Acknowledgments (for help received and collaborations)
are not required, but
included. Each section is unique, different from
rely on each o
reason for the article. Include enough
background material to
gain the readers
good story telling does For our purposes ,limit the
to the material presented in
class lectures and
the textbook. There
is no need to look for additional information on enzymes unless you are so driven, but be
amount of information
. At the end of the Introduction, list the
hypotheses for all parts or experiments in the study
Methods and Materials
describes all the steps taken to perform the experiments. The
purpose of this section is to allow someone else to replicate your work. Therefore, all
chemicals or reagents, their concentration, how they were mixed together and the
instrumentation used must be noted.
There is no need to explain how an instrument works
unless it is a newly developed one. For instance, one c
an assume that the reader knows how
to operate a spectrophotometer.
This section is the near equivalent of a cook book to a chef.
If there are five experiments, then provide instructions for replicating all five experiments.
raw data and
of the raw data
Figures and tables
are ideal for presenting
the data because
pictures convey information more easily than words.
Label all figure
s, tables and images
of the data
components of the
for interpreting the data.
in the text
a figure or table without
text is a
you are asking the reader
to read your mind and intentions
. Avoid the temptation of
explaining the data in this section
this comes later
in the Discussion/Conclusion section
However, you may explain
or two points in the data w
in a figure or table due to some mishap during the data
this is perfectly acceptable.
he focus of this section is the data, and
only the data.
is where you
findings and results.
First, restate the goals of the
interpret that data
considering whether the data
from the experiments support your hypotheses
stated in the Introduction
all the data or
observations in the
. Do the results fit what you know about enzymes and
what you expected?
The data make sense with your
knowledge and expectations.
whether it does or does not.
discuss how future work may address any weaknesses
in the experiments performed,and suggest possible studies that will
build on the knowledge
gained from these studies.
Lastly, make a final conclusion about the observations in your lab
and how they fit the topic.
section is included if you wish to cite any literature such as your textbook, the
lab or any other source material.
It is not required for this assignment.
included if you wish to
one who provided you some
,or help in the writing of the text
It is not required for this assignment.There are
questions in the lab manual after each experiment
You must address these within
the appropriate section of the
Figure out where the answer to each question
the Lab Report
format discussed above
before you start writing
The Lab Report should be a minimum of 8 typed pages of text
(excluding figures, tables, illustrations,
or other images)
double-spaced, and 10pt–12 pt font
. The Introduction (min. 1.5
page of text),
Methods and Materials(min. 4page of text), Results (min.
1.5 page of text)and Discussion/Conclusion(min. 1 page of text)For this particular assignment, place a
ll figures, tables, illustrations, and images at the end of the paper
and call this section the Appendix.The length of the Appendix does not count towards the length of the
Lab Report.Warning: Do not plagiarize! This is a serious offense. Do not copy
-and paste from any source including a classmate’s Lab Report. The
penalty is a score of zero points (0 points).