Prompt: Identify and explain what led to changes in conceptions of causation from the ancient theory of Aristotle to the mechanist conception of the early modern era, to the Newtonian conception, onto the Humean “regularity” theory, and finally to the Kantian conception. Most contemporary philosophers now favor a regularity theory of causation, which obviously resembles Hume’s theory rather than Kant’s, whose theory is sometimes called “constructivist.” What are the advantages (and disadvantages) of regularity theories like Hume’s and constructivist theories like Kant’s?
Good structure to follow:
1. Aristotle’s 4 aspects of causal explanation
3. Regularity Theories